Steve Kline has been a forecaster of durable goods manufacturing since 2008 when he became the director of market intelligence. He leads a team that conducts proprietary research, including the Capital Spending Survey and Gardner Business Index, as well as secondary research. Steve is a regular speaker at industry forecasting events as well as strategy and sales meetings for capital equipment manufacturers. He has presented at a number of international conferences on the state of U.S. manufacturing. Also, Steve is one of the owners of Gardner Business Media, Inc., a family-owned business that produces media for durable goods manufacturing industries. Steve received his BS in civil engineering from Vanderbilt University and his MBA from the University of Cincinnati.